Tuesday, July 24, 2007


Electrical resistance is a compute of the degree to which an object opposes an electric current through it. The SI unit of electrical resistance is the ohm. Its reciprocal quantity is electrical conductance calculated in siemens. Electrical resistance shares some conceptual parallels with the mechanical notion of friction.

The resistance of an object determines the amount of current through the object for a known voltage across the object I=V/R, where R is the resistance of the object, measured in ohms, equivalent to J•s/C2, V is the voltage across the object, measured in volts, I is the current through the object, measured in amperes. In metals, the Fermi level lies in the conduction band giving rise to free transfer electrons. However, in semiconductors the position of the fermi level is within the band gap, closely half way between the conduction band minimum and valence band maximum for intrinsic semiconductors.


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